Copyright is a tax... Richard Stallman - transcript

Не прошло и нескольких месяцев с моей встречи с Ричардом Столлменом, как добрые люди выложили стенограмму его выступления "Copyright vs Community in the Age of Computer Networks". Лекция прошла в 18:00 5 марта 2008 года в ИФ РАН.

Привожу несколько выдержек в оригинале его мнения, как следует реорганизовать рабкрин, точнее систему коллективного вознаграждения авторов и прочих правообладателей.

Не перевел намеренно, так что только для ценителей англосаксонского диалекта...

So, a site /?/ from a superstar musicians will not be any worse if we
will legalize the peer-to-peer sharing. But we might do a better job
than the current system of supporting musicians. I would like to, and
I have two proposals that have to do that.


One method uses tax. You tax blank discs, or internet connectivity,
or whatever, something that vaguely relates to enjoying music and
then you distribute that money entirely to the musicians, composers and
song-writers, based on their popularity, but not in linear proportion. And
the reason is this: a superstar could be a thousand times as popular
as somebody else, as a successful musician, and fairly popular. If
you distribute the money in linear proportion [shows it by hand as
a straight line], a few superstars will take almost all the money,
leaving very little for all the other musicians, which means the system
will work very inefficiently at supporting the activity of music, so,
what I propose is take the cube root of the popularity of each artist,
or maybe the fourth root, well, you could adjust this, the point is
you have a mathematical formula, and it looks like this [shows it by
hand as a typical root curve], so if the superstar is a thousand times
as popular, if we use the cube root, well, the superstar will get ten
much as money. Instead of the thousand times. Well, this way a few
superstars, although each on get more than the usual amount, it still
ends up to a small fraction of the money, meaning most of the money can
go to supporting lots of other musicians who are fairly popular but not
superstars. And the result is a system that works efficiently to support
the musicians who really need it. And still gives you to whatever extent
such an incentive does any good, because it could do harm instead. /?/
External incentives can kill creativity, they can be quite harmful,
but nonetheless, the superstars could still expect to get more, now,
if you get more popular you do get more, but it's on a sliding scale,
so a thousand times a popularity doesn't give you a thousand times as
much money, only ten times as much, and the result is paying less than
we do now to the copyright system, we can support musicians a lot better.


But, some people don't like taxes. I don't mind taxes, I believe in
a wealthier state and the wealthier state means to collect taxes. But,
some people don't like taxes, so I have another approach to suggest. And
that is voluntary payments. Imagine that every player has a button you
can push, that would send one dollar to the artists, whether the e-book
reader, or television set, or music box, whatever, push the button and
send the dollar. Lots of people will do this, because.. first of all,
the dollar is not that much money. Well, they are poor people in the
world, they can't afford to send the dollar, and that's okay, they
shouldn't. We don't need to squeeze money out of them to support the
arts. They are plenty people in the world for whom one dollar is not
that much, who can push the button and who wouldn't mind, they wouldn't
notice the money, if the push it once a week, they won't mind. And they
will do. And I expect we can convince a lot of people even to push it
once a day. And if we are not satisfied with how much money people are
sending to the musicians or whoever in this way, we can have a friendly,
warm, loving publicity campaign: "Have you sent a dollar to the people
who made this song or a movie this week? (or wrote a book?) If not --
why not? Didn't you enjoy it? Send them a little bit, it's so easy,
you'll never miss the money." And this would be instead of these cruel,
fictitious /?/ PR propaganda campaigns saying that sharing is theft.


Society is based on the spirit of good will, and the practice of sharing
with and cooperating with other people in your community, to attack this
is to attack society. Today's copyright law is an attack on society and
it is intolerable. But once we get rid of it, we'll have a system that
treats us ethically, and if we wish to increase our support for those
who write, we have easy ways to do it.


я смотрел запись его выступления в МГУ (есть на РБК) - шикарно. Мне понравилось очень. Как актер перед студентами.